Rise of Puritanism

Religion in America

Origins of Puritanism

   Queen Elizabeth, 1558-1603

     1559-1563: the via media

     John Knox in Scotland


   Pope: Elizabeth a heretic, 1570

     Undeclared war with Spain

     Spanish Armada defeated, 1588



   1564: Purify the church of Catholic remnants

   Discipline: Creating a church organization

     Congregations, presbyteries, a general assembly

   Separatism for the impatient

   Conventicle Act of 1593

     Crackdown on Puritans & separatists

   Piety: developing the religious life

      Promoting religious experience with no means to control it

Puritan Theology

   Salvation: the centrality of conversion

     Depravity; Conviction; Justification; Sanctification; Glorification

   Covenant Theology

     Covenants with God

      Covenant of Works (Moses)

      Covenant of Grace (Jesus)

     Individual covenant

     Church covenant

King James I

   First truly Protestant monarch, 1603

     Hampton Court conference, 1604

      Puritans rebuffed: “No bishops, no king”

   Clamps down on Separatists & Puritans

     Scrooby Separatists to Holland, 1607;
then Plymouth, 1620


     Synod of Dort, Netherlands, 1619

      TULIP: Condemning the Arminian heresy

Charles I, 1625

   Catholic wife, Mary

   Arminianism the path to church success

     Archbishop William Laud, 1633

      Very “Romish”

      Complete suppression of Puritan preaching

   Censors Calvinist books

   Rules without Parliament after 1629

     Tyranny + Arminianism = Catholic conspiracy?